Lakshmi (Swami Persaud)

One of the people who makes me really happy is Dutch singer Lakshmi. If I’d have to describe her in one word, it’s ‘real’. She also makes great music. (in Dutch)

C= Amiga things to enjoy

Amiga demoscene

Things I really enjoyed watching. This is to very personal taste, also since I was part of the demoscene back in the days (1989-early 90s)

  • Wicked Sensation by TRSI (1992). Love the design and the fonts. Contains nice jelly vectors (awesome for the time). The WHLoad version I tried on Pimiga wasn’t perfect (interlace effects)

Audio (mostly ProTracker modules)

  • Boesendorfer P.S.S. by Romeo Knight. Awesome piano music in stereo, taken from the Wicked Sensation demo by TRSI.

Internet radio stations

As I’ve bought a (2nd hand) Yamaha CD-N500 with vTuner support, and there are so many radio stations on the Internet beyond the ones I know from FM/DAB+, Let me list some I’ve discovered.

Station nameLocationQualityDescription, remarks
538 Verrückte StundeNL128k mp3I would expect a lot of ‘guilty pleasure’ pop music. It’s very much a mixed bag 🙂 Part of the big commercial station Radio 538
80s AliveNL320k mp380s music
80s HitradioNL192k mp380s music
AAFMNL, Almelo192k mp3Current pop music, Dutch talk, also identifies as Twente FM (probably a local but not 24/7 station that defaults to Twente FM outside regular hours)
AFM Guilty PleasuresNL192k mp3‘guilty pleasure’ pop music
All Oldies ChannelNL192k mp3oldies music
Arrow Bluesbox RadioNL320k mp3blues music
Arrow CAZNL128k mp3current pop music
Log RadioNL, Goirle192k mp3local Dutch radio, pop music.
VLOH Radio 96.0 FMNL, Hilvarenbeek192k mp3local Dutch radio, pop music.
VRT Studio BrusselBE128k mp3pop music, Dutch (Flemish) presenters.

Places to go visit

Oypo technical museum Hengelo, NL: Looks interesting.

Quick food reviews

Take ‘food’ lightly 😉 Just some notes on edible stuff I buy, basically.


  • Go-Tan wok sauce Hoisin, bought at Albert Heijn
    • A brown sweet and salty sauce reminding me of ketjap/kecap, quite nice


  • Dr. Pepper Cherry Vanilla (USA, 355ml can) bought from
    • Dr.Pepper with the aftertaste of Cherry Coke.
  • Tap water (NL, streaming) bought from Brabant Water
    • Pretty much colourless, doesn’t smell either. Not a strong taste, but very refreshing.
  • Proviant Berlin – Orangenlimonade (Germany, 330ml) bought from
    • reminds me of San Pellegrino Clementina, a ‘pure’ orange soda, not so much sweetened as e.g. Fanta Orange.
    • organic and vegan
  • ChariTea red (DE, 330ml bottle) with organic label and also claims to be fair trade and vegan. Bought from
    • Rooibos ‘tea’ with passion fruit taste, a good mix
    • 3.4g carbs (all sugar) per 100ml
  • fritz-limo zitrone (DE, 0,2l bottle) bought from
    • ‘when life gives you lemons, make a soft drink out of them’. Vegan, no other claims
    • lemon taste, but not overly sour, probably a great summer drink
    • 8,2g carbs (sugar) per 100ml
  • Faygo Rock & Rye (Detroit, MI, USA, 355ml can) bought from candyonline
    • Sweet soft drink (‘creme cola’)
  • Fanta Hương Trái cây (‘fruit flavours’, Vietnam, 330ml can) bought from
    • Quite smooth fruit flavor, like a fruit punch
    • very green color, reminds me of Fernandes green
    • contains high fructose corn syrup and artificial sweeteners acesulfame and sucralose although I didn’t taste them. 132kcal per can anyway, which seems only a small reduction in calories due to the artificial sweeteners.
  • Kimino Ume (Japan, 250ml bottle) bought from
    • Rather sour, like acidic 🙂 Probably healthy though.
  • Dr. Pepper Energy (Poland, 250ml can) bought from
    • Tasted slightly bitter to me at first (due to the taurine?)
    • Dr. Pepper taste is present but it’s not as sweet
    • Pretty good for an energy drink, not as overly sweet/artificial tasting as most.
  • Karma Drinks Lemony Lemonade (AT, 250ml can) bought from
    • Organic, Fair Trade, 7.9g sugars per 100ml
    • tastes like sour candy with a slight bitterness


  • Bubs Godis Raspberry Surskallar Skum, bought from
    • quite big pieces of semi-soft foam-like candy, covered with sour sugar
    • strong taste, quite nice actually though obviously artificial. The sweet fruity taste lasts quite long.
  • Bubs Godis Liquorice/Fruit octopus, bought from
    • soft, strong taste but not really liquorice. I don’t really like the salmiac aftertaste.
  • Damel Whales (Spain, 1kg) bought from
    • soft foam, quite large pieces, a bit of a fruity taste (blueberry?) – I read that it’s cola taste. oh well…
  • Mathijs – Droplullen (look it up if you’re not at work 😉
    • soft sweet liquorice, similar in taste to good old ‘trekdrop’. With a funny shape.
  • Meenk Finse Dropstockies, bought from
    • soft sweet and salty liquorice with a thin layer of fine sugar on top. More authentic, salmiac kind taste.


  • Cadbury Time Out Wafer (UK, 6×21.2g) bought from
    • Similar to a penny wafer or KitKat, quite good but not worth a premium.
  • KitKat 濃い抹茶​ (Strong Matcha, Japan, 12 pack mini double size) bought from
    • Very special taste: green tea (as can be guessed by the name), and in an army green colour.
    • First impression: not my taste, but at least it’s different.
  • KitKat Apple Pie (US, limited edition, 42g) bought from
    • White chocolate with a soft and sweet raisin and cinnamon flavour
  • KitKat Birthday Cake (US, limited edition, 42g) bought from
    • White chocolate with sprinkles inside.
  • M&M’s white chocolate (US, 42.5g)
    • chocolate M&M’s but then with creamy white chocolate inside.

Measure your city (meetjestad)

Recently, I have found good use for my LoRaWAN gateway. Together with a few other enthusiasts I’ve assembled a measurement device for the Tilburg branch of the “Meet je Stad” project.

This project started in Amersfoort, and combines measurements of (currently) temperature and humidity from relatively cheap devices at peoples’ homes. The data is sent via LoRaWAN through The Things Network and ends up as open data on

This project is also linked to the Future Lab in Tilburg, part of the main public library (the LocHal building). The Future Lab houses a big screen, and the maintainer is looking for ways to fill those screens with visuals regarding the city of Tilburg. Obviously, it would be great to include a visualisation of the Meet je Stad data.

That idea gave me a good excuse to have some fun programming, so I started a GitHub repository at and created a map showing the data of the Tilburg. It’s open source, anyone can suggest improvements or even take it and go and create their own version.

You can grab it from GitHub or just look at my version at

The Amiga situation

My all time favorite line of computers is still the Amiga, best known as a series of home computers made by Commodore. It’s still very much alive, with people creating software, firmware (‘Kickstart’), hardware add-ons and emulators (both purely in software and re-created in FPGA hardware).

However, unfortunately there’s also quite a few discussions about who owns what (trade marks, copyrights, …) and about what makes a ‘true’ Amiga or Amiga ‘experience’.

I will not try to answer these questions, or give legal advice, but would like to list some key players, products and useful terms. That way, I hope to make it all a bit clearer to myself and possibly other people as well.

For now, I’ll just make an alphabetically sorted list.


Creators of new cases (housings) and keycaps for classic Amiga hardware (A500 and A1200 cases, keycaps also for A600). A1200.NET also appears to be trademarked.


Makers of NG Amiga hardware (PowerPC based hardware that runs AmigaOS 4)

Since november 2014, A-Eon now develop Personal Paint for the (NG & Classic) Amiga formerly developed by Cloanto.

Amiga Forever

Software emulation suite by Cloanto, including tools and disk images. A good source for legal copies of Kickstart ROMs and WorkBench disk images.


Originally (I think) an Amiga store, now also owns the A1200 trade mark in some countries (?). They are UK based.

Apollo Team

Created the Vampire series of FPGA-based hardware. Most versions plug into an actual Amiga and take over part of the hardware with new versions inside the FPGA. Basically, a fancy accelerator. The latest (as of writing) version is standalone, which basically equates to a high-spec classic Amiga (without officially being an Amiga).


Creators of the Amiga Forever software emulation suite who also appear to have the right to distribute the classic Amiga ROMs up to version 3.X and matching Workbench disk images. Also includes a tool called Amiga Explorer to copy files between an emulated and a real Amiga over serial port or TCP/IP. Some Amiga retailers (shops) also sell Kickstart ROM chips with a license from Cloanto which should make them legal copies. Cloanto did NOT make AmigaOS 3.1.4, see Hyperion . I think they also have no rights for AmigaOS 3.5 and 3.9 (Haage & Partner) and the 4.x versions for NG/PowerPC Amiga systems. (Hyperion)

Haage & Partner

Created AmigaOS 3.5 and 3.9, which are updates to the last Commodore version of Workbench (3.1) and require Kickstart 3.1, as well as a minimum of a 68020 CPU and at least 6MB of ‘Fast’ RAM. Still being sold by stores like Vesalia.


Hyperion Entertainment is a Belgian company who claim to have the right to AmigaOS (disputed by Cloanto), and made the new version 3.1.4

They also released AmigaOS 4.0 and 4.1 which is for several PowerPC-based systems, but not for ‘stock’ classic Amigas (e.g. A500, A1200 without PowerPC accelerator board…)

Individual Computers

The company of Jens Schönfeld, who makes some great hardware for C64 and Amiga, and now also claims to have the right to the P96 (formerly Picasso 96) software, used for bigger screens with newer graphic chips (aka RTG). In the press release of december 22nd, 2018, he speaks of (only) one licensee which is Hyperion for their AmigaOS 4.1. However, in 2001 Cloanto claimed to have licensed Picasso96 for Amiga Forever. Meanwhile, there’s also a shareware version (version 2.0) on aminet

How to pronounce female cyclists’ names

This page is just about names. Names of female cyclists from around the world. I often wonder what the proper pronunciation is, and I notice many mistakes are being made, even by professional commentators. So here’s some help in finding the right pronunciation!

If you need more help with cyclists’ names? Check out by Lukas Knöfler

15kHz on LCD monitors

15kHz monitors

Most PC monitors made for VGA and later graphics adapters have a horizontal sync of 31.5kHz or higher, but most home computers including the Commodore Amiga line, as well as CGA and EGA for PC, have a hsync of about 15kHz as standard (PAL or NTSC). Many ‘recent’ monitors therefore do not properly show an image from those computers.

The Amiga has different video modes, and for example my A1200 can also output 29.29kHz hsync @ 58Hz vsync (Multiscan:Productivity) over a VGA cable (with a fairly common “DB-23” to DE-15 D-SUB converter).

Here’s my experience with monitors and the signals they take. Note that even within the same model numbers, the electronics can be different so there’s no guarantee that you’ll have the same experience with another monitor of the same brand and model.

Dell P2416D

A very nice WQHD (2560×1440) monitor with Displayport, HDMI and VGA. No ‘tv-like’ inputs, so I was surprised that mine does work with 15kHz signals. Not perfect (upscaling artefacts, interlacing looks wrong) but very usable. I suppose a real ‘flicker-fixer’ would be better, but glad it works.

On A1200:

Multiscan:Productivity (656×480, 58Hz, 29.29kHz) works fine, looks a bit ‘anti-aliased’ probably due to the upscaling.

PAL:High Res (640×256, 50Hz, 15.60kHz) and Low Res (320×256) works great, obvious sharpening artefacts (adjustable).

PAL:Super-High Res (1280×256, 50Hz, 15.60kHz) same as the other PAL resolutions, except that the aspect ratio is a bit weird. Workable on 16:9 setting.

Interlace (‘laced’) modes flicker, and are almost unreadable. Not recommended for use.

Visual Studio notes


  • ctor<tab><tab> : insert constructor snippet
  • cw<tab><tab> : insert Console.WriteLine()
  • for<tab><tab> : insert for loop snippet
  • foreach<tab><tab> : insert foreach loop snippet
  • prop<tab><tab> : insert property (short form)
  • propfull<tab><tab> : insert property (long form useful when you need to code getter/setter)
  • Ctrl-. : Quick actions
  • Ctrl-E, Ctrl-D : Format Document
  • Ctrl-M, Ctrl-O : Collapse to definitions
  • Ctrl-M, Ctrl-E : Expand current
  • Ctrl-M, Ctrl-L : Toggle expand/collapse all
  • Ctrl-; : Search Solution Explorer
  • Ctrl-Tab : Switch between tabs
  • F5 : Start (with debugging)
  • Ctrl-F5 : Start without debugging
  • F6 : Build
  • F10: Step Over
  • F11: Step Into
  • F12 (while hovering over an item in the source editor): go to Definition